Eight-month investigation reveals that the Texas State Legislature is more intent on protecting the industry than protecting residents’ health.
Jim Morris, Lisa Song and David Hasemyer
KARNES CITY, Texas—When Lynn Buehring leaves her doctor’s office in San Antonio she touches her inhaler to be sure it’s close.
About 40 miles down the road, flares trailing smoke appear. A yellow-brown haze can fill the horizon as Buehring, 58, passes into Karnes County, where she was born. Today, the ranch house she shares with husband Shelby, 66, is at the epicenter of one of the nation’s biggest oil and gas booms, with more than 50 wells within 2.5 miles.
Known as the Eagle Ford Shale play, this 400-mile-long swath of oil and gas extraction stretches from East-Central Texas to the Mexico border. Since 2008, more than 7,000 wells have been sunk with another 5,500 approved. Energy companies, cheered by the state, envision thousands more. It’s an "absolute game-changer," an industry spokesman said.
From their porch, the Buehrings can see and smell this gold rush. Three nearby processing facilities have permission to release 189 tons of volatile organic compounds, a class of toxic chemicals that includes benzene and formaldehyde, each year. That’s more than Valero’s Houston Oil Refinery disgorged in 2012. They also are allowed to release 142 tons of nitrogen oxides and 95 tons of carbon monoxide per year.
Fracking the Eagle Ford Shale: Big Oil & Bad Air on the Texas Prairie
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